shiv is a command line utility for building fully self-contained Python zipapps as outlined in PEP 441, but with all their dependencies included! shiv's primary goal is making distributing Python applications fast & easy. But it can also be used to ship a bunch of dependencies for your scripts, all bundled in a single easily deployed ZIP file.
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shiv is a command line utility for building fully self-contained Python zipapps as outlined in PEP 441, but with all their dependencies included!
shiv's primary goal is making distributing Python applications fast & easy.
Full documentation can be found here.
shiv has a few command line options of its own and accepts almost all options passable to
simple cli example
Creating an executable of flake8 with shiv:
$ shiv -c flake8 -o ~/bin/flake8 flake8 $ ~/bin/flake8 --version 3.7.8 (mccabe: 0.6.1, pycodestyle: 2.5.0, pyflakes: 2.1.1) CPython 3.7.4 on Darwin
Creating an interactive executable with the boto library:
$ shiv -o boto.pyz boto Collecting boto Installing collected packages: boto Successfully installed boto-2.49.0 $ ./boto.pyz Python 3.7.4 (v3.7.4:e09359112e, Jul 8 2019, 14:54:52) [Clang 6.0 (clang-600.0.57)] on darwin Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. (InteractiveConsole) >>> import boto >>> boto.__version__ '2.49.0'
You can install shiv by simply downloading a release from https://github.com/linkedin/shiv/releases or via
pip install shiv
You can even create a pyz of shiv using shiv!
python3 -m venv . source bin/activate pip install shiv shiv -c shiv -o shiv shiv
We'd love contributions! Getting bootstrapped to develop is easy:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:linkedin/shiv.git cd shiv python3 setup.py venv . activate python3 setup.py develop
Don't forget to run and write tests:
pip install tox tox
To build documentation when you changed something in
pip install -r docs/requirements.txt sphinx-build docs build/html
Zipapps created with shiv are not guaranteed to be cross-compatible with other architectures. For example, a
file built on a Mac may only work on other Macs, likewise for RHEL, etc. This usually only applies to zipapps that have C extensions in their dependencies. If all your dependencies are pure python, then chances are the
pyz will work on other platforms. Just something to be aware of.
Zipapps created with shiv will extract themselves into
~/.shiv, unless overridden via
SHIV_ROOT. If you create many utilities with shiv, you may want to occasionally clean this
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*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the shiv README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.