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Description

jsonstreamer provides a SAX-like push parser via the JSONStreamer class and a 'object' parser via the ObjectStreamer class which emits top level entities in any JSON object. Based on the fast c libary 'yajl'. Great for parsing streaming json over a network as it comes in or json objects that are too large to hold in memory altogether.

Programming language: Python
License: MIT License
Tags: Text Processing     JSON     Utilities    
Latest version: v1.3.6

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README

json-streamer Build Status

jsonstreamer provides a SAX-like push parser via the JSONStreamer class and a 'object' parser via the ObjectStreamer class which emits top level entities in any JSON object. Based on the fast c libary 'yajl'. Great for parsing streaming json over a network as it comes in or json objects that are too large to hold in memory altogether.

Dependencies

git clone [email protected]:lloyd/yajl.git
cd yajl
./configure && make install

Setup

pip3 install jsonstreamer

Also available at PyPi - https://pypi.python.org/pypi/jsonstreamer

Example

Shell

python -m jsonstreamer.jsonstreamer < some_file.json

Code

variables which contain the input we want to parse

json_object = """
    {
        "fruits":["apple","banana", "cherry"],
        "calories":[100,200,50]
    }
"""
json_array = """[1,2,true,[4,5],"a"]"""

a catch-all event listener function which prints the events

def _catch_all(event_name, *args):
    print('\t{} : {}'.format(event_name, args))

JSONStreamer Example

Event listeners get events in their parameters and must have appropriate signatures for receiving their specific event of interest.

JSONStreamer provides the following events:

  • doc_start
  • doc_end
  • object_start
  • object_end
  • array_start
  • array_end
  • key - this also carries the name of the key as a string param
  • value - this also carries the value as a string|int|float|boolean|None param
  • element - this also carries the value as a string|int|float|boolean|None param

Listener methods must have signatures that match

For example for events: doc_start, doc_end, object_start, object_end, array_start and array_end the listener must be as such, note no params required

def listener():
    pass

OR, if your listener is a class method, it can have an additional 'self' param as such

def listener(self):
    pass

For events: key, value, element listeners must also receive an additional payload and must be declared as such

def key_listener(key_string):
    pass

import and run jsonstreamer on 'json_object'

from jsonstreamer import JSONStreamer 

print("\nParsing the json object:")
streamer = JSONStreamer() 
streamer.add_catch_all_listener(_catch_all)
streamer.consume(json_object[0:10]) #note that partial input is possible
streamer.consume(json_object[10:])
streamer.close()

output

Parsing the json object:
    doc_start : ()
    object_start : ()
    key : ('fruits',)
    array_start : ()
    element : ('apple',)
    element : ('banana',)
    element : ('cherry',)
    array_end : ()
    key : ('calories',)
    array_start : ()
    element : (100,)
    element : (200,)
    element : (50,)
    array_end : ()
    object_end : ()
    doc_end : ()

run jsonstreamer on 'json_array'

print("\nParsing the json array:")
streamer = JSONStreamer() #can't reuse old object, make a fresh one
streamer.add_catch_all_listener(_catch_all)
streamer.consume(json_array[0:5])
streamer.consume(json_array[5:])
streamer.close()

output

Parsing the json array:
    doc_start : ()
    array_start : ()
    element : (1,)
    element : (2,)
    element : (True,)
    array_start : ()
    element : (4,)
    element : (5,)
    array_end : ()
    element : ('a',)
    array_end : ()
    doc_end : ()

ObjectStreamer Example

ObjectStreamer provides the following events:

  • object_stream_start
  • object_stream_end
  • array_stream_start
  • array_stream_end
  • pair
  • element

import and run ObjectStreamer on 'json_object'

from jsonstreamer import ObjectStreamer

print("\nParsing the json object:")
object_streamer = ObjectStreamer()
object_streamer.add_catch_all_listener(_catch_all)
object_streamer.consume(json_object[0:9])
object_streamer.consume(json_object[9:])
object_streamer.close()

output

Parsing the json object:
    object_stream_start : ()
    pair : (('fruits', ['apple', 'banana', 'cherry']),)
    pair : (('calories', [100, 200, 50]),)
    object_stream_end : ()

run the ObjectStreamer on the 'json_array'

print("\nParsing the json array:")
object_streamer = ObjectStreamer()
object_streamer.add_catch_all_listener(_catch_all)
object_streamer.consume(json_array[0:4])
object_streamer.consume(json_array[4:])
object_streamer.close()

output - note that the events are different for an array

Parsing the json array:
    array_stream_start : ()
    element : (1,)
    element : (2,)
    element : (True,)
    element : ([4, 5],)
    element : ('a',)
    array_stream_end : ()

Example on attaching listeners for various events

ob_streamer = ObjectStreamer()

def pair_listener(pair):
    print('Explicit listener: Key: {} - Value: {}'.format(pair[0],pair[1]))

ob_streamer.add_listener('pair', pair_listener) #same for JSONStreamer
ob_streamer.consume(json_object)

ob_streamer.remove_listener(pair_listener) #if you need to remove the listener explicitly

Even easier way of attaching listeners

class MyClass:

    def __init__(self):
        self._obj_streamer = ObjectStreamer() #same for JSONStreamer

        # this automatically finds listeners in this class and attaches them if they are named
        # using the following convention '_on_eventname'. Note method names in this class
        self._obj_streamer.auto_listen(self) 

    def _on_object_stream_start(self):
        print ('Root Object Started')

    def _on_pair(self, pair):
        print('Key: {} - Value: {}'.format(pair[0],pair[1]))

    def parse(self, data):
        self._obj_streamer.consume(data)


m = MyClass()
m.parse(json_object)

Troubleshooting

  • If you get an OSError('Yajl cannot be found.') Please ensure that libyajl is available in the relevant directory. For example, on mac(osx) /usr/local/lib should have a "libyajl.dylib" Linux -> libyajl.so Windows -> yajl.dll