Manage your spreadsheets with gspread in Python.


Code Quality Rank: L5
Programming language: Python
License: MIT License
Tags: Office     Third-party APIs     Financial     Business     Spreadsheet    
Latest version: v5.5.0

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Google Spreadsheets Python API v4

latest workflow GitHub version pypi downloads doc

Simple interface for working with Google Sheets.


  • Open a spreadsheet by title, key or url.
  • Read, write, and format cell ranges.
  • Sharing and access control.
  • Batching updates.


pip install gspread

Requirements: Python 3.6+.

Basic Usage

  1. Create credentials in Google API Console

  2. Start using gspread:

import gspread

gc = gspread.service_account()

# Open a sheet from a spreadsheet in one go
wks = gc.open("Where is the money Lebowski?").sheet1

# Update a range of cells using the top left corner address
wks.update('A1', [[1, 2], [3, 4]])

# Or update a single cell
wks.update('B42', "it's down there somewhere, let me take another look.")

# Format the header
wks.format('A1:B1', {'textFormat': {'bold': True}})

More Examples

Opening a Spreadsheet

# You can open a spreadsheet by its title as it appears in Google Docs
sh = gc.open('My poor gym results') # <-- Look ma, no keys!

# If you want to be specific, use a key (which can be extracted from
# the spreadsheet's url)
sht1 = gc.open_by_key('0BmgG6nO_6dprdS1MN3d3MkdPa142WFRrdnRRUWl1UFE')

# Or, if you feel really lazy to extract that key, paste the entire url
sht2 = gc.open_by_url('https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0Bm...FE&hl')

Creating a Spreadsheet

sh = gc.create('A new spreadsheet')

# But that new spreadsheet will be visible only to your script's account.
# To be able to access newly created spreadsheet you *must* share it
# with your email. Which brings us to…

Sharing a Spreadsheet

sh.share('[email protected]', perm_type='user', role='writer')

Selecting a Worksheet

# Select worksheet by index. Worksheet indexes start from zero
worksheet = sh.get_worksheet(0)

# By title
worksheet = sh.worksheet("January")

# Most common case: Sheet1
worksheet = sh.sheet1

# Get a list of all worksheets
worksheet_list = sh.worksheets()

Creating a Worksheet

worksheet = sh.add_worksheet(title="A worksheet", rows="100", cols="20")

Deleting a Worksheet


Getting a Cell Value

# With label
val = worksheet.get('B1').first()

# With coords
val = worksheet.cell(1, 2).value

Getting All Values From a Row or a Column

# Get all values from the first row
values_list = worksheet.row_values(1)

# Get all values from the first column
values_list = worksheet.col_values(1)

Getting All Values From a Worksheet as a List of Lists

list_of_lists = worksheet.get_values()

Finding a Cell

# Find a cell with exact string value
cell = worksheet.find("Dough")

print("Found something at R%sC%s" % (cell.row, cell.col))

# Find a cell matching a regular expression
amount_re = re.compile(r'(Big|Enormous) dough')
cell = worksheet.find(amount_re)

Finding All Matched Cells

# Find all cells with string value
cell_list = worksheet.findall("Rug store")

# Find all cells with regexp
criteria_re = re.compile(r'(Small|Room-tiering) rug')
cell_list = worksheet.findall(criteria_re)

Updating Cells

# Update a single cell
worksheet.update('B1', 'Bingo!')

# Update a range
worksheet.update('A1:B2', [[1, 2], [3, 4]])

# Update multiple ranges at once
    'range': 'A1:B2',
    'values': [['A1', 'B1'], ['A2', 'B2']],
}, {
    'range': 'J42:K43',
    'values': [[1, 2], [3, 4]],



How to Contribute

Please make sure to take a moment and read the Code of Conduct.

Ask Questions

The best way to get an answer to a question is to ask on Stack Overflow with a gspread tag.

Report Issues

Please report bugs and suggest features via the GitHub Issues.

Before opening an issue, search the tracker for possible duplicates. If you find a duplicate, please add a comment saying that you encountered the problem as well.

Improve Documentation

Documentation is as important as code. If you know how to make it more consistent, readable and clear, please submit a pull request. The documentation files are in docs folder, use reStructuredText markup and rendered by Sphinx.

Contribute code

Please make sure to read the Contributing Guide before making a pull request.